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UK unveils North Sea Transition Deal for protecting jobs in fossil fuel sector

Thursday, 25 March 2021

  • UK becomes the first G7 country to agree on a deal to support the oil and gas industry’s transition to clean, green energy - while supporting 40,000 jobs in the fossil fuel sector.
  • From 31 March 2021, the UK will no longer provide financial support for the fossil fuel energy sector overseas
  • BEIS said it will work with the fossil fuel industry and trade unions and provide support of a total of £16bn as part of the transition deal.

The North Sea Transition Deal between the UK government and oil and gas industry will support workers, businesses, and the supply chain through this transition by harnessing the industry’s existing capabilities, infrastructure, and private investment potential to exploit new and emerging technologies such as hydrogen production, Carbon Capture Usage and Storage, offshore wind and decommissioning. 

BEIS said it hopes to slash the emissions from North Sea extraction, which account for 3.5% of all UK emissions, in half by the end of the decade. Further, the deal is expected to cut pollution by up to 60 million tonnes by 2030 including 15 million tonnes from oil and gas production on the UK Continental Shelf - the equivalent of annual emissions from 90% of the UK’s homes - while supporting up to 40,000 jobs across the supply chain.

The Deal will support existing companies to decarbonise in preparation for a net-zero future by 2050 and create the right business environment to attract new industrial sectors to base themselves in the UK, develop new export opportunities for British business, and secure new high-value jobs for the long-term. Key commitments in the North Sea Transition Deal include:

  • the sector setting early targets to reduce emissions by 10% by 2025 and 25% by 2027 and has committed to cut emissions by 50% by 2030
  • joint government and oil and gas sector investment of up to £16 billion by 2030 to reduce carbon emissions. This includes up to £3 billion to replace fossil fuel-based power supplies on oil and gas platforms with renewable energy, up to £3 billion on Carbon Capture Usage and Storage, and up to £10 billion for hydrogen production
  • by 2030, the sector will voluntarily commit to ensuring that 50% of its offshore decommissioning and new energy technology projects will be provided by local businesses, helping to anchor jobs to the UK
  • the appointment of an Industry Supply Chain Champion who will support the coordination of local growth and job opportunities with other sectors, such as Carbon Capture Usage and Storage and offshore wind

The UK government will introduce a new Climate Compatibility Checkpoint before each future oil and gas licensing round to ensure licenses awarded are aligned with wider climate objectives, including net-zero emissions by 2050, and the UK’s diverse energy supply. This Checkpoint will use the latest evidence, looking at domestic demand for oil and gas, the sector’s projected production levels, the increasing prevalence of clean technologies such as offshore wind and carbon capture, and the sector’s continued progress against its ambitious emissions reduction targets.

The UK government believes it is vital that any future licenses are granted to industry only on the basis that they are compatible with the UK’s climate change objectives. A dynamic checkpoint enables the assessment of the ongoing domestic need for oil and gas while expecting concrete action from the sector on decarbonisation. If the evidence suggests that a future licensing round would undermine the UK’s climate goals or delivery of Net Zero, it will not go ahead. The UK government will design and implement the checkpoint by the end of 2021 through extensive engagement with a wide range of stakeholders.

The UK government has also announced it will no longer provide support for the fossil fuel energy sector overseas from 31 March 2021.  This will include UK Export Finance support, international aid funding, and trade promotion for new crude oil, natural gas, and thermal coal projects - with very limited exceptions.

Business and Energy Secretary Kwasi Kwarteng said:

"Today, we are sending a clear message around the world that the UK will be a nation of clean energy as we build back better and greener from the pandemic. We will not leave oil and gas workers behind in the United Kingdom’s irreversible shift away from fossil fuels. Through this landmark sector deal, we will harness the skills, capabilities and pent-up private investment potential of the oil and gas sector to power the green industrial revolution, turning its focus to the next-generation clean technologies the UK needs to support a green economy.

At every step on the path to net-zero emissions, we will create the right conditions for new green industries to base themselves in the UK and create new high-value employment opportunities, while future-proofing existing businesses to secure the long-term viability of jobs in our industrial heartlands.

The offshore oil and gas industry has been a major British industrial success story. For decades, the sector has strengthened our energy security, generated significant tax revenue to fund our public services, and supported hundreds of thousands of jobs across the UK. From the Shetland Islands and Aberdeen, to Teesside and the Humber, the industry is critical to the health of local economies.

Oil and gas is still vital to the production of many everyday essentials like medicines, plastics, cosmetics, and household appliances - this is likely to remain the case over the coming decades as the UK transitions to low carbon solutions. Indeed, the government’s independent Committee on Climate Change recognises the ongoing demand for oil and natural gas, including it in all scenarios for how the UK meets its target for achieving net-zero emissions by 2050."

Energy Minister Anne-Marie Trevelyan said:

'We need to urgently end our reliance on fossil fuels and through our pioneering North Sea Transition Deal, we will do so without putting our economy and communities at risk. While the future oil and gas sector will look very different to how it does today, the industry, businesses and supply chains it supports will have a new mission to help the UK decarbonise and develop the clean technologies of the future, as we lead the green industrial revolution."

UK government Minister for Scotland David Duguid said:

"The oil and gas industry has already made great strides towards a greener, more sustainable future and the North Sea Transition Deal, agreed between the UK government and industry, takes those ambitions a step further. The North East of Scotland has long been seen as a centre of excellence in the oil and gas industry – there’s no reason why it can’t now be seen as a global centre of excellence for energy transition.

This is not just about making the transition from hydrocarbons to renewables. It’s about a transition of jobs, skills and expertise as well. The UK government has worked consistently and intensively with the industry, and we will continue to do so, to make progress on a scientific, data and evidence-led basis."

Chief Executive of Oil & Gas UK Deirdre Michie said:

"The North Sea Transition Deal is a transformative partnership which will harness the expertise of the UK offshore oil and gas industry to urgently meet the country’s climate ambitions of net zero emissions by 2050.

It will unlock billions of pounds of investment and see government and industry work together to deliver a homegrown energy transition, realising innovative low carbon solutions that can be exported globally.

The Deal will safeguard UK energy security, providing affordable energy to millions of households, secure tens of thousands of jobs in industrial heartlands across the country and support the UK economy. It is the first deal of its kind by any G7 country and a striking example of the UK showing global leadership on climate change ahead of COP26."

Chief Executive of the Oil & Gas Authority, Dr Andy Samuel said:

"This deal marks an exciting new chapter for the North Sea, confirming energy transition in action. It is the culmination of a lot of work between government, industry and the OGA. As long as oil and gas remain part of the UK’s energy mix, they must be produced more cleanly and in line with net zero.

Our role includes monitoring and holding industry to account on its emissions reduction performance. The recent funding for a number of energy transition projects is very timely. We are happy to be supporting projects like Acorn, Hynet, Net Zero Teeside and Zero Carbon Humber, along with the Energy Transition Zone and the Global Underwater Hub."

In addition, government studies show how the UK Continental Shelf can provide 60% of the UK’s overall carbon reduction requirements to meet Net Zero 2050, through electrification, carbon capture and storage, hydrogen, and offshore wind. The government has said it will provide support to the tune of £1.5 billion to the decommissioning sector. In addition, the government has committed to a 40GW offshore wind target, which could help bring £20 billion of private investment in renewable energy by 2030.

the UK also plans to establish Carbon Capture Usage and Storage in 2 industrial clusters by the mid-2020s, supported by a £1 billion government CCUS Infrastructure Fund. the UK's government aim is for the UK to develop 5GW of low carbon hydrogen production capacity by 2030 which is supported by a range of measures, including a £240 million Net Zero Hydrogen Fund. It is worth noting that BP is already developing plans for the UK’s largest ‘blue’ hydrogen production facility on Teesside, which could produce up to 1GW of hydrogen – 20% of the UK’s hydrogen target.

The government has also published today proposals setting out how the UK’s largest companies representing £4 trillion in turnover will be required to prepare for the transition to a low carbon economy. These proposals will ensure the UK’s most significant companies are analysing, understanding and disclosing their climate-related risks and opportunities to unleash a wave of private capital necessary to reach net-zero emissions by 2050. 

Source: North Sea deal to protect jobs in green energy transition - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

Mandatory climate-related financial disclosures by publicly quoted companies, large private companies and LLPs - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)